Updated January 2015
ABOUT EARLY ED IN MASSACHUSETTS
Early education is the education and care of young children (primarily birth to age 5) in a variety of settings, including preschool programs, Head Start, child care centers, and family child care homes.
Number of new neural connections per second being formed in the human brain during the first few years of life
Number of children enrolled in early education programs in MA
Average number of children receiving child care subsidies to access early education
Children on the waiting list for early education and care financial assistance*
Center-based early education programs
Family child care programs based out of an educator’s home
Annual median salary of a center-based Massachusetts early educator
$22,501 – $25,000
Estimated annual turnover rate for the early education workforce in Massachusetts
Months of age at which disparities in cognition and health can become evident in low-income children compared to their higher-income peers
Percentage of children under age 6 from low-income families in MA
Percentage of children from low-income families ready for school when they are 5 years old, as compared to 75% of children from higher-income families.
Center on the Developing Child. InBrief: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Harvard University.
Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., White, B. A. B., Ou, S.-R. and Robertson, D. L. Age 26 Cost–Benefit Analysis of the Child-Parent Center Early Education Program. Child Development, 2011. 82: 379–404.
Child Care Aware of America (formerly NACCRRA). 2014 Child Care in the State of: Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care. State of Early Education in Massachusetts. Presentation to the Board of Early Education and Care, October 2014. Thomas Weber, Commissioner. *Includes school-age children as well as children below age 5. Please note that official waiting list numbers do not reflect the number of families with young children who are actually eligible for child care assistance at any given time.
Bessie Tartt Wilson Initiative for Children. The Massachusetts Career Ladder & Early Educator Compensation Reform, May 2013.
Marshall N, et al. Massachusetts Capacity Study Research Brief: Characteristics of the Current Early Education and Care Workforce Serving 3-5 Year-olds. Center for Research on Women, Wellesley College, 2005.
Halle T, et al. Disparities in Early Learning and Development: Lessons from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Child Trends, June 2009. This figure is not specific to children in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Demographics of Young, Low-Income Children, 2010. (Data from 2010 American Community Survey). (Low-income is defined as below 200% of the federal poverty level).
Isaacs J. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. Brookings Institution, March 2012. These figures are national averages, not specific to Massachusetts. (From Brookings tabulations of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Low-income in this statistic is defined as household income below 100 percent of the federal poverty level. Higher income is defined as household income above 185 percent of poverty.) National Center for Children in Poverty.